Carlo Ratti

Carlo Ratti 0 loves cities and the built environment. Ranked as one of the top ten most-cited scholars in urban planning and one of the leading designers in America, he focuses on intelligent systems and the convergence between the natural and artificial worlds. Recently nominated curator of the 19th International Architecture Exhibition of La Biennale di Venezia, he aims to foster a public conversation 1 on our urban habitat, starting from his work at the intersection between academic research 2, innovative design 3,
and start-up entrepreneurship 4.

Public conversation

Carlo’s opinions on cities, technology, and the future are contributing to a global conversation. Follow his hottest takes across the pages of his books, opinion essays, interviews, and social media.

Atlas of the Senseable City
Carlo Ratti, Antoine Picon
Read it Now
The City of Tomorrow: Sensors, Networks, Hackers, and the Future of Urban Life
Carlo Ratti, Matthew Claudel
Read it Now
Open Source Architecture
Carlo Ratti, Matthew Claudel
Read it Now
Decoding the City: Urbanism in the Age of Big Data
Carlo Ratti, Dietmar Offenhuber
Read it Now
Architettura Open Source
Carlo Ratti
Read it Now
Senseable City Guide
SENSEable City Lab
Read it Now

  1. CTSCAPE 2024 Forum
    Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology (KAIST)

    Daejeon, South Korea

  2. Festival dell’Economia Keynote: L’abitare tra il dire e il fare
    Festival dell'Economia Trento 2024

    Trento, Italy

  3. Interdisciplinary Incentive Design Workshop
    UCLA Anderson School of Management

    Chicago, United States

  4. C40 Green and Thriving Neighbourhoods Workshop
    C40 Cities

    Vancouver, Canada

  5. Festival dello Sviluppo Sostenible Keynote: Necessary and Urgent Actions for a Prosperous Future
    Festival dello Sviluppo Sostenible

    Modena, Italy

  6. AMS Scientific Conference 2024: Reinventing the City
    Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions

    Amsterdam, Netherlands


𝗔 𝗱𝗲𝗲𝗽 𝗱𝗶𝘃𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗼 #𝗜𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗹𝗹𝗶𝗚𝗲𝗻𝘀: 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗺𝗲𝘁𝗵𝗼𝗱𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝘆 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝟭𝟵𝘁𝗵 𝗜𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝗮𝗹 𝗔𝗿𝗰𝗵𝗶𝘁𝗲𝗰𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗲 𝗘𝘅𝗵𝗶𝗯𝗶𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 – @labiennale  The concept driving the curation of the #BiennaleArchitettura2025 by Carlo Ratti is to use intelligence harmoniously, creatively, and synergistically to face the challenges of the world we live in practically.  A participatory #BiennaleArchitettura, open to ideas and requiring the contribution of everyone. For this reason, a Space for Ideas has been opened to ensure that projects can become pieces in this great interactive mosaic of evolving intelligence. You have until June 21st - discover the link in bio!  The method will include Transdisciplinarity (collaborative projects between multiple professionals); Living Lab (leveraging Venice as a lab merging interacting forms of intelligence); the aforementioned Space for Ideas; and Circularity Protocol because we don't want to waste a single screw and we aim to make it a 100% circular Biennale Architettura.  #BiennaleArchitettura2025 #IntelliGens #CarloRatti #LaBiennaleDiVenezia #BiennaleArchitettura
𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝟭𝟵𝘁𝗵 𝗜𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝗮𝗹 𝗔𝗿𝗰𝗵𝗶𝘁𝗲𝗰𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗲 𝗘𝘅𝗵𝗶𝗯𝗶𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗼𝗳 @labiennale 𝘄𝗶𝗹𝗹 𝗳𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗱 𝗩𝗲𝗻𝗶𝗰𝗲 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗻𝗲𝘄 𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗮𝘀  As the Central Pavilion at the Giardini will be under renovation in 2025, the #BiennaleArchitettura2025 #IntelliGens will flood into the city of Venice itself! In an interview for Artribune, Carlo discusses his previous experience in curating large events like the Shenzhen Biennial or the Urban Vision for Manifesta 14, in Prishtina explaining how “large events that manage to interface in a positive way with the city are catalysts for otherwise unthinkable changes.”  In Venice, Carlo wants to go further: “We don’t want to lose a single screw -  that is, we are planning the first fully circular Biennale Architettura 2025, with everything reused or recycled, as well as made from recovered material wherever possible. This is now a crucial theme for all events, and we think the upcoming #BiennaleArchitettura can really take a leap.”  Head to stories to read the full article (Italian only).  And in BIO, you can find the link to the Space for Ideas: we need to embrace a collaborative approach to design. That’s why a public venue for the submission of ideas is now open on the website of #LaBiennaleDiVenezia, fostering an expansive heterogeneity of voices, visions, and suggestions.  #BiennaleArchitettura2025 #IntelliGens #CarloRatti #LaBiennaleDiVenezia #BiennaleArchitettura @artribune
📷 @ave_zz
“At a time of crisis, we need to embrace a collaborative approach to design” tells Carlo in a recent interview for La Repubblica.  As a curator, Carlo wants to put together an exhibition that highlights innovation in thought and diversity of opinion.  Read and discover the Curator first statement in BIO. And follow us to be updated!  #BiennaleArchitettura2025 #IntelliGens #CarloRatti #LaBiennaleDiVenezia #BiennaleArchitettura @labiennale 
📷 @ave_zz

Academic research

How can we use new tools to uncover our cities’ hidden secrets? Our team at the MIT Senseable City Lab is publishing new findings all the time. Read on for some of our latest discoveries…

Urban visual intelligence: Studying cities with artificial intelligence and street-level imagery
Carlo Ratti, Fàbio Duarte, Yu Liu, Michael Batty, Fan Zhang, Arianna Salazar-Miranda, Min Chen, Lawrence Vale, Gary Hack
Annals of the American Association of Geographers
Tools and methods for monitoring the health of the urban greenery
Carlo Ratti, Fàbio Duarte, Simone Mora, Akshit Gupta, Yakir Preisler, Venkatesha Prasad
Nature Sustainability
Robust Model Predictive Control with Control Barrier Functions for Autonomous Surface Vessels
Carlo Ratti, Wei Wang, Daniela Rus, Wei Xiao, Alejandro Gonzalez-Garcia, Jan Swevers
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)
The trade-off between sustainability and social segregation in the 15-minute city
Arianna Salazar-Miranda, Carlo Ratti
Nature Human Behavior
The 15-minute city quantified using human mobility data
Carlo Ratti, Paolo Santi, Arianna Salazar-Miranda, Cate Heine, Timur Abbiasov, Ed Glaeser, Sadegh Sabouri
Nature Human Behavior
Defining a city: delineating urban areas using cell-phone data
Vincent Verbavatz, Paolo Santi, Fàbio Duarte, Luís M. A. Bettencourt, Geoffrey B. West, Yu Liu, Michael Batty, Lei Dong, Gilles Duranton, Marc Barthelemy, Michael Goodchild, Denise Pumain, Wenzhong Shi, Carlo Ratti, Anthony Yeh
Nature Cities

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 2007-present

Professor of the Practice of Urban Technologies

MIT International Science andTechnology Initiatives (MISTI) 2009-present


Politecnico di Milano 2022-present

Distinguished Professor

TTUP Tashkent 2023-present

Honorary Professor

University of Cambridge 2017-2019

Visiting Research Fellow

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology 2017-2019

Visiting Professor

  1. Senseable Dubai Lab

    Sheikh Zayed Road, Dubai

  2. Senseable Amsterdam Lab

    5, Kattenburgerstraat, Amsterdam

  3. KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    16, Kistagången, Kista

  4. Senseable City Lab


Innovative design

A pavilion with walls of water. A skyscraper covered in plants. A renewable energy battery that doubles as a sauna. Carlo’s design firm, CRA-Carlo Ratti Associati, is designing the city of tomorrow and bringing the natural and artificial worlds together.

Baltimore Bridge
Baltimore, United States of America
Milan, Italy
Water Batteries
Trieste, Italy
Renaissance Lights
Milan, Italy

  1. CRA HQ Turin


  2. CRA London


  3. CRA New York

    United States

Emerging Technologies Award

AI Timber
German Design Award – Excellent Architecture

Urban Vision for Manifesta 14
German Design Council
Best Tall Building, by Region, Asia

Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)
Best Tall Building, by Height, 200-299 meters

Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)
10 Unbuilt Projects from Established Firms

Honorable Mention for The International Architecture Award® for 2023

The Greenary
The Chicago Athenaeum

Start–up entrepreneurship

Carlo believes that innovation has to make it into the real world – and we have created an ecosystem of startups. We have received more than 500 million dollars to fund multiple projects internationally, in the field of micro-mobility, leisure, and construction.

Makr Shakr
United States of America
Biobot Analytics
United States of America

  1. Superpedestrian


  2. Roccia
    Maestro Technologies


  3. Shaker
    Makr Shakr


  4. Greene School
    Maestro Technologies

    Palm Beach

  5. Sandbox VR
    Makr Shakr


  6. Changi Airport Terminal 2
    Makr Shakr


Robótica Camarero Tamaño del mercado, participación, tendencias, pronóstico para 2032
ellastecuentan Spain
Comment on The Future of Boozing by DenverGregg
Modern Drunkard United States of America
Makr Shakr 2023: Makr Shakr’s Robots Offer Different Features to Draw in Customers For All Types of Locations!
Whiteboard drawing robot United States of America
Over 50 Great Last Minute Geeky Tech Gifts
Paste Magazine United States of America
Royal Caribbean’s Harmony of the Seas: Overview and What to Do United States of America